Since January, when National Assembly President Juan Guaidó asserted that he was Venezuela’s rightful leader because President Nicolás Maduro had been fraudulently elected, the political and humanitarian situation in the South American country has been closely watched.
The political crisis sparked a steep acceleration in the decline of Venezuela’s once-booming economy. Food and water shortages have become commonplace, and electricity is scarce as well, drawing deep concern from the international community and the Venezuelan diaspora.
As Maduro and Guaidó have jockeyed for position, the United States and Russia have chosen sides as well. U.S. officials have accused Russia of propping up Maduro’s regime, while seeming to signal American support for Guaidó’s effort to bring the military to his side, a move that failed late last month.
So what happens now? Dorothy Kronick, a political science professor who has lived in Venezuela and closely studies its politics, explains what to look for as the two sides begin to come to the negotiating table.
Dorothy Kronick is an assistant professor of political science in the School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Pennsylvania.