Many immigrant groups have lower mortality rates than native populations, an idea known as the “migrant mortality advantage.” This often piques the interest of researchers.
“It’s a bit of a puzzle,” says Penn demographer Michel Guillot, part of the University’s Population Studies Center. “That’s where we were starting from. We wanted to use unique French data to look at this very general question, and then look at what happens with the second generation.”
Guillot and colleagues from the French Institute for Demographic Research (INED) in France and Stockholm University in Sweden dug into whether children of immigrants retain or lose this advantage. In a paper published in Demographic Research, the team shows that one group in particular—second-generation males from the North African countries of Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia—has a mortality rate nearly double that of the reference population.
Penn Today spoke with Guillot about what those numbers mean, both generally and in the context of European immigration policies, plus what might come next for this work.
Funding for the research came from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health (Grant R01HD079475).
Other contributors to the research include Myriam Khlat of INED and Matthew Wallace of Stockholm University.